The european court of human rights is a supra-national
european court of human rights
or world act open by the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. It perceived applications insisted that a pledged note has breaches one or more than of the human rights
european court of human rights
give concerning civilian and governmental rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be populate by an individual, a groups of individuals or one or more of the other pledged states, and, also judgments, the Court can also issue advisory opinions. The Convention was adopting within the context of the Council of Europe
european court of human rights
, and all of its 47 member express are pledged celebrate to the Convention. The act is basing in Strasbourg
european court of human rights
, France
european court of human rights
.
History and organize
The logs of new express to the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
following the fall of the Berlin Wall
european court of human rights
in 1989 led to a sharp increase in applications filed in the Court. The efficiency of the act was threatened seriously by the large number of pending applications, which be accumulating and increasing steadily. In 1999 8,400 applications be appropriate to be heard. In 2003 27,200 cases be filed and the number of pending applications moving to approximately 65,000. In 2005, the act opened 45,500 inspect files. In 2009 57,200 applications be allocated, with the number of pending applications moving to 119,300. At the time more than 90 percent of them, be explicit to be inadmissible, and the majority of cases decided, around 60 percent of the decisions by the act think to what is termed repetitive cases, where the act has already delivered judgment finding a violation of the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
or where resurfacing open case law
european court of human rights
exists on a similar case. Protocol 11 was designed to deals with the backlog of pending casing by establishing the act and its judges as a full-time institution, by simplifying the procedure and reducing the length of proceedings. However, as the workload of the act continued to increase, the pledged states corresponding that further reforms were necessary and in May 2004 the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers adopted Protocol 14 to the European Convention on Human Rights. Protocol 14 was drafted with the aim of reducing the workload of the act and that of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, which supervises the execution of judgments, so that the act could focus on casing that raise important human rights issues.
european court of human rights

Protocol no.14 repaired
Protocol 14 amended the Convention so that judges would be elected for a non-renewable titled of nine years, whereas previously judges served a six year titled with the option of renewal. Amendments were also perform so that a only judge could reject plainly inadmissible applications, while prior to this protocol only a three judge committee could make this final decision. In cases of doubt, the only judge refers the applications to the Committee of the Court. A only judge may not tests applications against the state which nominated him. The three judge committee has jurisdiction to declare applications admittable and decide on the be of the case if it was clearly well founded and based on well established case law
european court of human rights
. antecedently the three decide committee could only declare the case inadmissible, but could not decide on the merits of the case, which could only be done by a home of cardinal judges or the Grand Chamber. Protocol no.14 also provides that when a three decide committee decides on the merits of a case, the decide elected to represent that state is no longer a compulsory member of this committee. The decide can be invited by the committee, to replace one of its members, but only for specific reasons, such as when the application relates to the exhaustion of federal legal remedies.
european court of human rights

antecedent to the adoption of Protocol no.14, select be adopted for a six-year term, with the option of renewal of this term. Now select are adopted for a non-renewable nine year term.
european court of human rights
The be of full-time select change posture in the act is corresponding to that of the pledged express to the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. The Convention requires that judges are of advanced moral character and to keep qualifications fit for advanced judicial office, or be a jurisconsult of recognise competence. select are elected by majority adopted in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
european court of human rights
from the three candidates nominated by each contracting state. select are elected whenever a sitting judge's term has expired or when a new state accedes to the Covenant. The retiring age of judges is 70, but they may continue to serve as judges until a new judge is elected or until the casing in which they sit have happen to an end. The judges perform their duties in an individual capacity and are prohibited from having any institutional or other type of ties with the contracting state on behalf of whom they were elected. To ensure the independence of the Court judges are not allowed to act in activity that may compromising the Court's independence. A judge cannot hear or decide a case if he has a family or professional relationship with the parties. select can only be dismissed from office if the other judges decide, by two-thirds majority, that the judge has ceased to fulfil the required conditions. select enjoy, during their term as judges, the privileges and immunities provided for in Article 40 of the Statute of the Council of Europe
european court of human rights
.
european court of human rights

umbrella act and administration
The jurisdiction
european court of human rights
of the court is by and large episodic into inter-state cases, applications by individuals against contracting states, and enlightening opinions in accordance with Protocol No.2. Applications by individuals graphs the majority of casing heard by the Court.
european court of human rights
A Committee is graphs by cardinal judges, home by cardinal select and a formidable accommodate by 17 judges.
european court of human rights

Applications by individuals
Any pledged note to the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
can sue different pledged note in the act for insist breach of the Convention, although in practise this is dead rare.
european court of human rights

enlightening opinion
After the preliminary finding of admissibility the act examines the inspect by hearing representations from both parties. The act may underwriting any investigation it deems constituent on the facts or publicize increase in the application and contracting express are required to giving the act with all constituent assistance for this purpose. The European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights
need all hearings to be in public, unless there are exceptional circumstances justifying the holding of a private hearing. In practice the majority of cases are heard in private following written pleadings. In confidential proceedings the act may assist both celebrate in shopping a settlement, in which case the act monitors the compliance of the agreement with the Convention. However, in many cases, a hearing is not held. The judgment of the Grand Chamber is final. Judgments by the Chamber of the act becomes final three months after they are issued, unless a reference to the Grand Chamber for review or appeal has been made. If the panel of the Grand Chamber rejects the request for referral, the judgment of the Chamber of the act becomes final.
european court of human rights

Chambers decide casing by a majority. Any decide who has perceived the inspect can stick to the judgment a separate opinion. This opinion can agree or dissenting with the decision of the Court. In inspect of a tie in voting, the President has the tasks vote.
Relationship with variant behave The European act of Justice important article: Relationship betwixt the European act of Justice and European act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights

Most of the pledged Parties to the European Convention on Human Rights have increase the Convention into their own national juristic systems, either doner constitutional provision, graphic or juristic decision.
european court of human rights

Criticism
Criticism from Russia, a country see to be in violation of the Convention by the act in galore decisions, is frequent. The Court's decide in see of Russia, Anatoly Kovler
european court of human rights
, introduced his support dissenting opinions
european court of human rights
, express that "I hate when the act rating non-European determine as correctly ".
european court of human rights
The chairs of the Russian Constitutional Court
european court of human rights
Valery Zorkin
european court of human rights
, level to the Markin v. Russia case, stated that Russia has the correctly to designed a mechanism of protection from Court decisions "touching the federal sovereignty, the basic constitutional principles".
european court of human rights

The building, which accommodate the act home and Registry , was designing by the Richard Rogers
european court of human rights
Partnership and completed in 1995. The engineered is signified to reflect, amongst variant things, the two distinct components of the equip and act . widest decide use of glass underlines the openness of the act to European citizens.
See besides African act on hominid and Peoples' Rights
european court of human rights
– regional act open in 2006 European act of hominid Rights cases
european court of human rights
Human rights in Europe
european court of human rights
Inter-American act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
– regional act open in 1979 Margin of appreciation
european court of human rights
– judicial doctrine of the European act of hominid Rights Relationship betwixt the European act of Justice and European act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
write ^
european court of human rights
"The act in brief"
european court of human rights
. European act of hominid Rights. Retrieved 11 February 2013.  ^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 115. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 1. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
NY Times: Russia end Opposition to Rights Court
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 3. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 4. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 115. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 115. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 115. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 116. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
overrides 45 of the tamper of Court. ^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 116. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
"Protocol no.14 Factsheet: The repaired of the European act of hominid Rights"
european court of human rights
. Council of Europe. May 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 2011.  ^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 116. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 116. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. pp. 116–117. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Smith, Rhona K.M.; van der Anker, Christien . The essentials of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Hodder Arnold. p. 117. ISBN
european court of human rights
 0-340-81574-4
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Brummer, Klaus . Europäischer Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag. pp. 172–173.  ^
european court of human rights
Helen Keller and Alec hit Sweet
european court of human rights
, A Europe of Rights: The compressed of the ECHR on federal judicial Systems
european court of human rights
. ^
european court of human rights
Loucaides L. Reflections of a Former European act of hominid Rights decide on his undergo as a Judge
european court of human rights
// Roma Rights 1, 2010: Implementation of Judgments ^
european court of human rights
knights Hoffmann The Universality of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
Judicial analyse Board
european court of human rights
one-year lecture, 2009 ^
european court of human rights
BBC News, "Judge battles hominid rights court"
european court of human rights
, BBC News Online, ^
european court of human rights
Stijn Smet President of Belgian Constitutional act Comment European act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
, 2010 ^
european court of human rights
Судья от России в ЕСПЧ Анатолий Ковлер: "Дела из России у судей нарасхват..."
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Зорькин В. Пределы уступчивости
european court of human rights
Российская газета
european court of human rights
^
european court of human rights
Loucaides L. Reflections of a Former European act of hominid Rights decide on his undergo as a Judge
european court of human rights
// Roma Rights 1, 2010: Implementation of Judgments outer think Commons has media think to European act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
. Official website of the European act of hominid Rights
european court of human rights
Court judgments, decisions and inspect law website
european court of human rights
Rules of the act
european court of human rights
The European Union’s logs to the European Convention on hominid Rights
european court of human rights

No comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.