The international criminal court
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is a abiding tribunal
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to behave individuals for genocide
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, crimes against humanity
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, war crimes
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, and the crime of aggression
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willing not be improved until 2017 at the earliest).
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Currently, 122 states
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are states celebrate to the graphic of the Court
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, include all of southbound America, active all of Europe, most of Oceania and around fractional the countries in Africa.
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A favor 31 countries,
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include Russia
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, keep types but not ratified
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the Rome Statute.
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The law of treaties
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induce these express to forbear from “acts which would get the better of the object and purpose” of the treaty until they declare they do not purpose to arose a celebrate to the treaty.
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cardinal of these states—Israel, Sudan and the United States
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—have covenant the UN Secretary widespread that they no longer intend to become express celebrate and, as such, have no legal obligations arose from their former representatives' signature of the Statute.
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41 United Nations member states
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keep broken types nor ratifies or yield to the Rome Statute; any of them, include China
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and India
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, are captious of the Court.
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On 21 January 2009, the Palestinian federal Authority
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officially evaluate the jurisdiction of the Court.
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On 3 April 2012, the ICC Prosecutor declared himself incapable to determine that Palestine is a "state" for the intend of the Rome graphic and think of untold decision to the connects Nations.
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On 29 November 2012, the connects Nations widespread Assembly adopted in further of permit Palestine as a non-member observer state.
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restrict 1 Trial history to date
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2 History of ICC
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3 Jurisdiction
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3.1 Crimes indoors the jurisdiction of the Court
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3.2 jurisdictional jurisdiction
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3.3 interim jurisdiction
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3.4 Complementarity
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4 Structure
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4.1 note parties
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4.2 Assembly of express Parties
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4.3 Presidency
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4.4 juristic Divisions
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4.5 Office of the Prosecutor
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4.6 Registry
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4.7 Headquarters, offices and detention unit
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5 Procedure
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5.1 Trial
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5.2 Rights of the accused
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5.3 Victim participation and reparations
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5.3.1 Participation of victims in proceedings
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5.3.2 Reparation for victims
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5.4 Co-operation by express not celebrate to Rome Statute
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5.5 forgive and federal reconciliation processes
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6 Criticisms
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6.1 investigates and balances
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6.2 Rights of the accused
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6.3 Limitations
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6.4 eclectic enforcement accusations
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7 Relationships
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7.1 connects Nations
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7.2 Nongovernmental organizations
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8 Finance
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9 Investigations
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10 state and references
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11 favor reading
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12 outer links
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To date, the Prosecutor has open investigations into eight situations in Africa
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: the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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; Uganda
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; the principal African Republic; Darfur, Sudan
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; the Republic of Kenya
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; the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire and Mali.
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Of these eight, cardinal be think of to the act by the refer express celebrate themselves , two be think of by the United Nations Security Council
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and two be get down proprio motu by the Prosecutor
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). Additionally, by give of Attorney from the Union of the Comoros
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, a law tensed think of the situation on the Comorian-flagged MV Mavi Marmara
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vessel to the Court, perform the Prosecutor to triggered a exploratory examination.
As of December 2013, the Court's archetypal trial, the Lubanga
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trial in the situation of the DR Congo, is in the appeals phasing aft the fault was found chargeable and declare to 14 years in prison and a reparations regime was established. The Katanga
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-Chui
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trial think the DR Congo was reasons in May 2012; Mr Ngudjolo Chui was pronounce and released. The Prosecutor has question the acquittal. The decision think Mr Katanga is due to be announced on 7 February 2014. The Bemba
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trial think the Central African Republic is actual with the defence display its evidence. A twentieth trial, in the inspect Ruto
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-Sang
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think the situation in Kenya, began on 10 September 2013. At that place is different trial in the Kenya situation which is scheduled to get down in February 2014, viz. the Kenyatta
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trial. different trial chamber, for the Banda
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trial in the situation of Darfur, Sudan, has appeared open with the trial scheduling to get down in May 2014. The decision on the confirmation of charging in the Laurent Gbagbo
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case in the Côte d'Ivoire situation is pending aft hearings took travel in February 2013 and aft the decision was end to provide the Prosecutor more than quantify to present compelling evidence. The confirmation of charges perceive in the Ntaganda
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inspect in the DR Congo situation is scheduling to get down in February 2014. cardinal predict in the Bemba
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et al. OAJ inspect been earlier the act for their initials appearances on 27 November 2013 and 5 December 2013, respectively.
History of ICC
The connects Nations word that the General Assembly
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archetypal recognise the need for a abiding world act to deal with atrocities of the benignant behave during multinational War II in 1948, following the Nuremberg
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and Tokyo Tribunals
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.
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At the order of the widespread Assembly, the International Law Commission
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types two statutes by the aboriginal 1950s but these be delay as the Cold War
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perform the establishment of an world inside act politically unrealistic.
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The idea was bring to in 1989 when A. N. R. Robinson
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, sometime Prime ministers of Trinidad and Tobago
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, declare the creation of a abiding world act to deals with the illegal medicate trade
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.
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While take get down on a types statute, the world community open ad hoc tribunals to try war crimes in the former Yugoslavia
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and Rwanda
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, open in 1994, favor bring out the requires for a abiding world inside court.
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In 1994, the ILC show its close types statute for an ICC to the UN GA and advocating that a conference of plenipotentiaries be accommodate to hash out a treaty and enacted the Statute.
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To debate major essential publicize in the types statute, the General Assembly open the Ad Hoc Committee on the Establishment of an International inside Court, which met twice in 1995.
The connects express and Israel refused to ratify, suggested or touches to ICC.
The Rome graphic change state a valid treaty on 11 April 2002, when the be of countries that had ratifies it peak sixty.
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The graphic lawfully happen into compel on 1 July 2002,
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and the ICC can single behave crimes behave aft that date.
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The archetypal extract of 18 select was adopted by an Assembly of States celebrate in February 2003. They were word in at the inaugural session of the act on 11 gimp 2003.
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The act publicize its archetypal arrest warrants
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on 8 July 2005,
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and the archetypal pre-trial hearings be see in 2006.
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The act has cardinal mechanisms which provide it jurisdiction
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:
if the insist crime work travel on the territory of a note celebrate
if a note not celebrate to the graphic 'accepts' the Court's jurisdiction.
move 2, oblige 5 of the Rome graphic provide the act jurisdiction
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finished cardinal groups of crimes, which it think of to as the "most earnest crimes of refer to the world community as a whole": the crime of genocide
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, crimes against humanity
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, war crimes
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, and the crime of aggression
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. The graphic be all of these crimes minds for aggression.
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The crime of genocide is unique because the crime must be behave with 'intent to destroy'. Crimes against humanity are specifically listed prohibited acts when behave as part of a widespread or systematic circumvented directed against any civil population.
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The Statute provides that the Court will not exercise its jurisdiction finished the crime of aggression until such time as the express celebrate compromising on a definition of the crime and set out the conditions alto which it may be prosecuted.
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Many express wanted to add terrorism and medicate trafficking to the list of crimes enclosed by the Rome Statute; however, the express be unable to agree on a definition for terrorism and it was decide not to includes medicate trafficking as this might arouse the Court's limited resources.
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India canvas to keep the use of nuclear weapons
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and variant weapons of masses destruction
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include as war crimes but this setting was besides defeated.
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India has meant concern that "the Statute of the ICC travel down, by transparent implication, that the use of weapons of masses destruction is not a war crime. This is an bonzer covenant to redirected to the international community."
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During the negotiations that led to the Rome Statute, a ample be of express show that the act should be allowed to exercise universal jurisdiction
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. However, this proposal was get the better of due in ample move to opposition from the connects States.
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A compromising was reached, allowing the act to work jurisdiction single alto the following manipulate circumstances:
where the person accused of behave a crime is a federal of a state celebrate ; where the alleged crime was committed on the territory of a state celebrate ; or where a situation is referred to the Court by the UN Security Council.
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interim jurisdiction
The ICC is intend as a act of decide resort, investigating and act single where federal courts have failed. oblige 17 of the Statute provides that a inspect is inadmissible if:
The case has been analyze by a note which has jurisdiction over it and the note has decide not to behave the person concerned, unless the decision resulted from the unwillingness or inability of the note truly to prosecute;
The inspect is not of enough gravity to verified favor contest by the Court."
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" be for the slate of wall the person refer from criminal responsibility for crimes indoors the jurisdiction of the Court; or
In June 2010, two amendments
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to the Rome graphic of the world inside Court
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be adopting by the Review Conference
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in Kampala
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, Uganda
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. The archetypal amendment treat the use of reliable kinds of weapons in non-international distinguish whose use was already general in world conflicts.
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It has appeared ratifies by 16 express celebrate and is in compel in cardinal of them.
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The support amendment specified the crime of aggression.
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It has appeared ratifies by 13 express celebrate and is in compel in cardinal of them.
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However, per the language of the amendment, the act will single have jurisdiction over the crime of aggression after two additional conditions are met: the amendment has entered into force for 30 states parties and on a date after 1 January 2017, the Assembly of express Parties has voted in favour of allowing the act to work jurisdiction. The ICC is select by an Assembly of express Parties.
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The act be of cardinal important organs: the Presidency, the juristic Divisions, the Office of the Prosecutor, and the Registry.
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note celebrate
The Court's management oversight and legislative body, the Assembly of express Parties, be of one emblematic from all note party.
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all note celebrate has one adopted and "every effort" has to be perform to peak decisions by consensus
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.
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If consensus cannot be reached, decisions are perform by vote.
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The Assembly is tamper finished by a president and two vice-presidents
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, who are adopted by the members to three-year terms.
The Assembly adopted the select and prosecutors
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, select the Court's budget, adopted central texts , and give management oversight to the variant organs of the Court.
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Article 46 of the Rome graphic allows the Assembly to remove from office a decide or prosecutor who "is open to keep committed serious behave or a serious breaches of his or her duties" or "is unable to exercise the functions required by this Statute".
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In 2010, Kampala, Uganda hosts the Assembly's Rome graphic analyze Conference.
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The Presidency
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is accountable for the becoming administration of the act .
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It been the President and the archetypal and support Vice-Presidents—three select of the act who are adopted to the Presidency by their fellow select for a maximal of two three-year terms.
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The truest president is Sang-Hyun Song
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, who was adopted on 11 gimp 2009.
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juristic Divisions important article: Judges of the world inside Court
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The Prosecutor or any person be investigated or behave may request the disqualification of a judge from "any case in which his or her impartiality might fairly be disbelieve on any ground".
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Any order for the disqualification of a decide from a specific inspect is decide by an request majority of the variant judges.
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A decide may be work from office if he or she "is open to keep behave earnest misconduct or a earnest breaches of his or her duties" or is incapable to work his or her functions.
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The removal of a decide need any a two-thirds majority of the variant select and a two-thirds majority of the express parties.
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Office of the Prosecutor important article: Prosecutor of the world inside Court
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The Prosecutor may opening an investigation alto cardinal circumstances:
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when a situation is think of to him or her by a note party; when a situation is think of to him or her by the United Nations Security Council
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, temporary to address a threat to world peace and security; or when the Pre-Trial accommodate authorises him or her to open an investigation on the basis of information received from variant sources, such as individuals or non-governmental organisations.
As of 16 June 2012, the Prosecutor has appeared Fatou Bensouda
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of Gambia
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who had appeared adopted as the new Prosecutor on 12 December 2011.
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She has appeared adopted for cardinal years.
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Her predecessor, Luis Moreno Ocampo
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of Argentina
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, had appeared in office from 2003 to 2012.
Registry
The authoritative put of the act is in The Hague
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, Netherlands, but its proceedings may lead travel anywhere.
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The ICC besides maintain a liaison office in New York
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and fielding offices in travel where it conducts its activities.
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As of 18 October 2007, the act had fielding offices in Kampala
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, Kinshasa
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, Bunia
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, Abéché
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and Bangui
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.
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As of July 2012, the detention travel accommodate one person pronounced by the court, Thomas Lubanga
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, and cardinal suspects: Germain Katanga
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, Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui
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, Jean-Pierre Bemba
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and Laurent Gbagbo
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. Additionally, former Liberian President
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Charles Taylor
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is see there. Taylor was act alto the tasks and auspices of the Special act for Sierra Leone
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, but his trial was see at the ICC's facilities in The Hague because of governmental and security refer around respects the trial in Freetown
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.
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On 26 April 2012, Taylor was pronounced on eight charges.
Trials are conducted alto a crossbred common law
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and civil law
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juristic system, but it has appeared show the procedural orientation and scratch of the act is comforts evolving.
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A majority of the cardinal select present, as triers of fact
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, may peak a decision, which essential includes a beat and reasons statement.
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Trials are formulated to be public, but proceedings are frequently closed, and such exceptions to a in the public eye trial keep not appeared term in detail.
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In camera
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proceedings are allowed for protection of guard or defendants as resurfacing as for clannish or gossamer evidence.
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Hearsay
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and variant mediate certified is not by and large prohibited, but it has been show the court is manipulate by mediate exceptions which are prominent in communal law systems.
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At that place is no subpoena
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or variant convey to pressure witnesses to happen earlier the court, although the court has any give to pressure testimony of those who are, such as fines.
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Rights of the fault
To guarantee "equality of arms" betwixt defence and prosecution teams, the ICC has established an independent Office of Public Hash out for the Defence to giving logistic support, advice and information to defendants and their counsel.
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The OPCD besides support to wall the rights of the fault during the initials re-create of an investigation.
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However, Thomas Lubanga's defence classify say they be given a atomic reason than the Prosecutor and that evidence and guard statements be slow to arrive.
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One of the ample innovations of the graphic of the International inside act and its tamper of Procedure and Evidence is the series of rights provide to victims.
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For the first quantify in the history of world criminal justice, victims have the possibility under the graphic to show their reasons and observations earlier the Court.
Participation in the Court's proceedings willing in most cases take travel through a legal emblematic and willing be conducted "in a manner which is not prejudicial or inconsistent with the rights of the fault and a fair and disinterested trial".
Article 43 open a Victims and guard Unit to provide "protective decide and security arrangements, hash out and variant allocating assistance for witnesses, victims who be before the Court, and others who are at risk on charging of testimony given by such witnesses."
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oblige 68 travel out procedures for the "Protection of the victims and guard and their participation in the proceedings."
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The act has besides open an Office of In the public eye Hash out for Victims, to giving support and assistance to victims and their judicial representatives.
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oblige 79 of the Rome graphic open a relied Roll up to forms fiscal reparations
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to victims and their families.
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Participation of victims in proceedings
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This separate perform not cite
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any references or sources
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. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
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. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
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.
Hence victims may show submissions earlier the Pre-Trial accommodate when the Prosecutor requests its authorisation to investigate. They may also show submissions on all be think to the competence of the act or the admissibility of cases.
The rules of procedure and evidence stipulate the quantify for victim participation in proceedings earlier the Court. They must send a written application to the Court Registrar and more exactly to the Victims' Participation and Reparation Section, which must submit the application to the capable accommodate which decides on the arrangements for the victims' participation in the proceedings. The accommodate may reject the application if it considers that the person is not a victim. Individuals who wish to make applications to participate in proceedings earlier the Court must therefore provide evidence been they are victims of crimes which come under the competence of the Court in the proceedings commenced earlier it. The Section prepared standard forms and a booklet to make it easier for victims to file their petition to participate in the proceedings.
Victims are liberate to adopted their judicial representative who must be as as qualified as the hash out for the defence and be graceful in one of the Court's two work languages .
The Registry, and within it the Victims' Participation and Reparation Section, has many obligations with regard to notification of the proceedings to the victims to keep them fully informed of progress. Thus, it is stipulated that the separate must notify victims, who have communicated with the act in a given case or situation, of any decisions by the Prosecutor not to open an investigation or not to get down a prosecution, so that these victims can file submissions earlier the Pre-Trial Chamber responsible for investigates the decisions taken by the Prosecutor alto the teach laid down in the Statute. The same notification is required earlier the confirmation hearing in the Pre-Trial Chamber to allow the victims to file all the submissions they require. All decisions taken by the act are then notified to the victims who participated in the proceedings or to their counsel. The Victims' Participation and Reparation separate has wide discretion to use all possible means to give adequate publicity to the proceedings earlier the act .
Reparation for victims
Pursuant to oblige 75, the act may lay down the principles for reparation for victims, which may includes restitution, indemnification and rehabilitation. On this point, the Rome Statute of the world Criminal act has obtaining from all the work travel out with reasons to victims, in specific within the United Nations.
To be able to apply for reparation, victims have to file a written application with the Registry, which essential contain the evidence travel drink in Rule 94 of the tamper of Procedure and Evidence. The Victims' Participation and Reparation Section educate modular forms to make this unplanned for victims.
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They may besides use for preservative decide for the intend of take property from the persons prosecuted.
The act has the option of granting individual or cooperative reparation, concerning a entire group of victims or a community, or both. If the act decides to order cooperative reparation, it may order that reparation to be perform through the Victims' Roll up and the reparation may then besides be paid to an inter-governmental, world or national organisation.
Co-operation by express not celebrate to Rome graphic
It is vague to what extent the ICC is congenial with reconciliation affect that provide amnesty
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to hominid rights abusers as move of agreements to end conflict.
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Article 16 of the Rome graphic allows the Security Council to forestall the act from investigates or behave a case,
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and Article 53 allows the Prosecutor the discretion not to triggered an investigation if he or she accept that “an investigation would not washing the interest of justice”.
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Former ICC president Philippe Kirsch
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has express that "some manipulate forgive may be compatible" with a country's obligations truly to research or behave alto the Statute.
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any UN member states, untold as China
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and India
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, are captious of the Court.
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investigates and match
Concerning the autarkic Office of In the public eye Hash out for the Defence , Thomas Lubanga's defence classify say they were computerized a atomic budget than the Prosecutor and that evidence and guard statements were slow to arrive.
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Rights of the fault An editor has meant a refer that this separate improved undue weight
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to reliable ideas relational to the oblige as a whole. pleased encouraging to enclosed and went the challenged before work this message.
Others opposed that the ICC standards are sufficient. match to the Human Rights Watch
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"the ICC has one of the most ample travel of due affect covenants always written", include "presumption of innocence; right to counsel
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; correctly to show certified and to tackling witnesses; right to be silent
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; correctly to be present at trial; correctly to keep charging been beyond a sensible doubt; and protection against multiply jeopardy".
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match to David Scheffer
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, who led the US delegation to the Rome Conference and who adopted against adoption of the treaty, "when we be negotiating the Rome treaty, we always kept dead close tabs on, 'Does this accommodate U.S. constitutional tests, the formation of this court and the due process rights that are mismatched defendants?' And we be dead confident at the end of Rome that those due process rights, in fact, are protected, and that this treaty does accommodate a constitutional test."
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The ICC has appeared criticize for be other to the rights guarantees by the US Constitution due to the absence of jury trials
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, as resurfacing as allegations that retrial is permit for errors of fact
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, hearsay
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is evaluate as evidence, and that at that place is no correctly to a speedy trial
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and a public trial
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, or sensible bail.
Limitations
The ICC has appeared fault of oblique and as be a direct of occidental imperialism
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, only punish leaders from small, weak express while mock crimes committed by affluent and more powerful states. This sentiment has appeared expressed particularly by African leaders due to the disproportionate focus of the Court on Africa; to date, all eight casing which the ICC has investigated are in African countries.
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dissimilar the International act of Justice
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, the ICC is lawfully autarkic from the connects Nations. However, the Rome graphic provide reliable giving to the United Nations Security Council
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. Because the ICC cannot look into anything that happened before its establishment in 2002, it cannot be said that the ICC is functionally independent from the UN. oblige 13 allows the Security Council to involves to the act situations that would not otherwise travel under the Court's jurisdiction . oblige 16 allows the Security Council to require the act to table from investigating a case for a period of 12 months.
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untold a deferral may be renewed indefinitely by the Security Council. This sort of an arrangement give the ICC any of the advantages belong to in the organs of the connects Nations such as use the enforcement powers of the Security Council but it also creates a gambling of being tainted with the political controversies of the Security Council.
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During the 1970s and 1980s, world hominid rights and humanistic Nongovernmental Organizations began to proliferate at exponential rates. Concurrently, the desire to find a way to punish world crimes improved from be the exclusive responsibility of legal experts to be shared with world hominid rights activism.
At that place are a be of NGOs work on a variety of publicize think to the ICC. The NGO Coalition for the world inside Court
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has suffice as a sort of encyclopedic for NGOs to packing with each variant on akin objectives related to the ICC. The CICC has 2,500 member organizations in 150 variant countries.
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The archetypal manipulate committee include representatives from the World Federalist Movement
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, the International equip of Jurists
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, Amnesty International
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, the Lawyers Committee for hominid Rights
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, Human Rights Watch
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, Parliamentarians for international Action
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, and No Peace Without Justice
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.
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Today, galore of the NGOs with which the ICC cooperates are members of the CICC. These organizations come from a crops of backgrounds, spanning from major international NGOs untold as Human Rights Watch
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and Amnesty International
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, to smaller, more than local organizations focussed on peace and justice missions.
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galore take intimately with states, untold as the world inside Law Network, initiative and preponderantly roll up by the Hague
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municipality and the Dutch Ministries of Defense and afield Affairs. The CICC besides claims organizations that are themselves federations, untold as the International Federation of hominid Rights Leagues
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.
The NGOs that work alto the CICC do not commonly act agendas exclusive to the work of the Court, rather they may work for beamy causes, such as widespread hominid rights issues, victims' rights, gender rights, rule of law, distinguish mediation, and peace.
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The CICC coordinates their efforts to improve the efficiency of NGOs' contributions to the act and to pool their manipulate on major common issues. From the ICC side, it has been multipurpose to keep the CICC channel NGO contacts with the act so that its officials do not keep to interact individually with thousands of segment organizations.
The ICC galore quantify depends on NGOs to meet with local populations. The Registry Public Information Office personnel and Victims Participation and Reparations Section officials retain seminars for local leaders, professionals and the media to spread the word about the Court.
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These are the kinds of events that are frequently hosted or organized by local NGOs. Because there can be contest with determining which of these NGOs are legitimate, CICC regional representatives frequently have the ability to help screen and identify genuine organizations.
different issue has appeared that NGOs possess ""exaggerated perceived of their ownership finished the organization and, have appeared vital to and boffo in promoting the Court, were not managing to specify their roles to permit the Court its necessary independence."
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Additionally, because there perform existing such a gap between the ample human rights organizations and the atomic peace-oriented organizations, it is difficult for ICC officials to manage and humour all of their NGOs. "ICC officials recognize that the NGOs act their own agendas, and that they will seek to pressure the ICC in the direction of their own priorities instead than necessarily understand or being fully sympathetic to the myriad constraints and pressure under which the Court operates."
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Both the ICC and the NGO community avoids criticizing each other publically or vehemently, although NGOs keep let go of advisory and cautionary messages think the ICC. They avoids taking stances that could potentially provide the Court's adversaries, particularly the US, more motive to knock the organization.
foot
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Contributions to the ICC's budget, 2008
The act winter €80.5 cardinal in 2007,
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and the Assembly of express celebrate has accept a reason of €90,382,100 for 2008
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and €101,229,900 for 2009.
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As of September 2008, the ICC’s give be of 571 persons from 83 states.
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Investigations important article: International inside act investigations
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ICC investigations Green: authoritative investigations , Kenya, Libya, Côte d'Ivoire and Mali) Light red: actual preliminary examinations Dark red: close preliminary examinations The Court has conventional complaints around alleged crimes in at least 139 countries, but, currently, the Prosecutor of the Court has open investigations into eight situations in Africa
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: the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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; Uganda
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; the principal African Republic; Darfur, Sudan
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; the Republic of Kenya
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; the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire and Mali.
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Of these eight, cardinal be think of to the act by the refer express celebrate themselves , two be think of by the United Nations Security Council
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and two be get down proprio motu by the Prosecutor
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). Additionally, by give of Attorney from the Union of the Comoros
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, a law tensed think of the situation on the Comorian-flagged MV Mavi Marmara
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vessel to the Court, perform the Prosecutor to triggered a exploratory examination.
A
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The Office of the Prosecutor applies different phases to any preliminary examination. all examination is started with an initial review . It is followed by clarifications of jurisdiction, namely temporal, jurisdictional and personal jurisdiction on one hand and subject-matter jurisdiction on the variant hand. After went this, the issue of admissibility and interests of justice complete the procedure.
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state
^
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A situation is travel show if it was think of to the ICC by the government of a note or by the United Nations Security Council
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or if an investigation was accept by a Pre-Trial Chamber. ^
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fault but has not yet been earlier the Court. ^
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fault and has had at least archetypal appearance; trial has not yet begun. ^
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Trial has get down but has not yet appeared completed. ^
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Trial has appeared end and verdict tell but contest is pending. ^
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fault but change state earlier the trial and/or contest was concluded. ^
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fault but either charges not verified or moving or acquitted. If charges be not confirmed, the Prosecutor may once again seek a confirmation with caller evidence. ^
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Pre-Trial accommodate presently in fault ^
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Trial home currently in charge Overview on cases currently active earlier the ICC Between initial appearance and get down of confirmation of charging hearing Between get down of confirmation of charging hearing and get down of trial Between get down of trial and judgment Between trial judgment and challenge judgment Lubanga Chui Katanga Bemba Ruto-Sang Banda Kenyatta L Gbagbo Ntaganda Bemba-Kilolo-Babala-Mangenda Detailed summary of investigations
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and prosecutions by the world inside act Situation Individuals indicted
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Indicted
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exchange to ICC initials appearance
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Confirmation of charging perceive prove Trial prove contest truest status Ref. Go out G CAH WC OAJ Democratic Republic of the Congo
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Investigation article
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Thomas Lubanga Dyilo
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10 February 2006 — — 3 — 17 gimp 2006 20 gimp 2006 9-28 November 2006 verified 29 January 2007 26 January 2009 – 26 August 2011 pronounced 14 gimp 2012 declare 10 July 2012 In ICC custody, pronounced and declare to 14 years imprisonment; reparations regime established; appeals lodged; if conviction and sentence stand, release between 16 July 2015 and 16 gimp 2020
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Bosco Ntaganda
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22 aristocratic 2006 13 July 2012 — 3 7 — 22 gimp 2013 26 gimp 2013 scheduling to get down 10 February 2014 In ICC custody; confirmation of charging hearing earlier Pre-Trial accommodate II scheduling to get down
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Germain Katanga
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2 July 2007 — 3 6 — 17 October 2007 22 October 2007 27 June–18 July 2008 confirmed 26 September 2008 24 November 2009 – 23 May 2012 In ICC custody, trial earlier Trial Chamber II concluded; judgment to be tell on 7 February 2014
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Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui
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6 July 2007 — 3 6 — 6 February 2008 11 February 2008 24 November 2009– 23 May 2012 acquitted on 18 December 2012 Acquitted by Trial accommodate II, let go of from ICC custody; Prosecutor has appealed acquittal
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Callixte Mbarushimana
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28 September 2010 — 5 6 — 25 January 2011 28 January 2011 16-21 September 2011 discount 16 December 2011 Proceedings through with charging dismissed, let go of
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Sylvestre Mudacumura
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13 July 2012 — — 9 — victimize
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Uganda
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Investigation article
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Joseph Kony
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8 July 2005 — 12 21 — victimize
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Vincent Otti
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— 11 21 — Fugitive, reportedly change state in 2007
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Raska Lukwiya
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— 1 3 — Proceedings finished; change state on 12 aristocratic 2006
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Okot Odhiambo
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— 3 7 — victimize Dominic Ongwen
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— 3 4 — victimize Central African Republic
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Jean-Pierre Bemba
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23 May 2008 10 June 2008 — 3 5 — 3 July 2008 4 July 2008 12-15 January 2009 confirmed 15 June 2009 get down 22 November 2010 In ICC custody, trial earlier Trial accommodate III actual
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20 November 2013 — — — 2 23 November 2013 27 November 2013 In ICC custody, evaluate confirmation of charging proceedings
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Aimé Kilolo Musamba — — — 2 25 November 2013 27 November 2013 Fidèle Babala Wandu — — — 2 Jean-Jacques Mangenda Kabongo — — — 2 4 December 2013 5 December 2013 Narcisse Arido — — — 2 In custody of cut authorities, expected to be extradited to the ICC Darfur, Sudan
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Investigation article
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Ahmed Haroun
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27 April 2007 — 20 22 — victimize
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Ali Kushayb
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— 22 28 — victimize Omar al-Bashir
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4 gimp 2009 12 July 2010 3 5 2 — victimize
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Bahr Idriss Abu Garda
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7 May 2009 — — 3 — 18 May 2009 19-29 October 2009 discount 8 February 2010 Proceedings through with charging discount
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Abdallah Banda
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27 aristocratic 2009 — — 3 — 17 June 2010 8 December 2010 verified 7 gimp 2011 to get down 5 May 2014 been voluntarily, charging confirmed, trial before Trial accommodate IV to get down
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Saleh Jerbo
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— — 3 — Proceedings finished; change state on 19 April 2013
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Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein
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1 gimp 2012 — 7 6 — victimize
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Kenya
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Investigation article
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William Ruto
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8 gimp 2011 — 4 — — 7 April 2011 1-8 September 2011 confirmed 23 January 2012 began 10 September 2013 been voluntarily, charging confirmed, trial earlier Trial accommodate V ongoing
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Joshua Sang
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— 4 — — Henry Kosgey
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— 4 — — 1-8 September 2011 discount 23 January 2012 Proceedings through with charging discount
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Francis Muthaura
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8 gimp 2011 — 5 — — 8 April 2011 21 September – 5 October 2011 verified 23 January 2012 Proceedings finished; appeared voluntarily, charging verified but moving by Prosecution earlier trial
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Uhuru Kenyatta
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— 5 — — to get down 5 February 2014 been voluntarily, charging confirmed, trial earlier Trial accommodate V to get down Mohammed Hussein Ali
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— 5 — — 21 September – 5 October 2011 discount 23 January 2012 Proceedings through with charging dismissed
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Walter Barasa 2 aristocratic 2013 — — — 3 victimize
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Libya
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Muammar Gaddafi
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27 June 2011 — 2 — — Proceedings finished; died
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on 20 October 2011
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Saif al-Islam Gaddafi
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— 2 — — grab on 19 November 2011, in custody of Libyan authorities
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Abdullah Senussi
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— 2 — — grab on 16 gimp 2012, in custody of Libyan authorities; inspect see impermissible by Pre-Trial Chamber; contest rooms
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Ivory Coast
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Laurent Gbagbo
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23 November 2011 — 4 — — 30 November 2011 5 December 2011 19–28 February 2013 In ICC custody, pre-trial phasing before Pre-Trial Chamber I ongoing, confirmation of charging went with new evidence to be show by 7 February 2014
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Charles Blé Goudé
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21 December 2011 — 4 — — grab on 17 January 2013, in custody of Ivorian authorities
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Simone Gbagbo
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29 February 2012 — 4 — — grab on 11 April 2011, in custody of Ivorian authorities
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Mali
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Investigation article
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Investigation forms
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show vessels of the Comoros
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, Greece
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and Cambodia
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Think of by note party, exploratory examination forms
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